F4U Corsair (1): XF4U Through F2G
The Corsair was ferried by boat for further investigation. Later the Corsair was taken to Germany and listed as one of the captured enemy aircraft Beuteflugzeug based at Erprobungsstelle Rechlin, the central German military aviation test facility and the equivalent of the Royal Aircraft Establishment, for under repair. This was probably the only Corsair captured by the Germans. In , U.
The Japanese had repaired it, covering damaged parts on the wing with fabric and using spare parts from crashed F4Us. It seems Japan captured two force-landed Corsairs fairly late in the war and may have even tested one in flight. During the Korean War, the Corsair was used mostly in the close-support role.
Goodyear F2G Corsair - WikiVisually
Folmar, with Folmar shooting the MiG down with his four 20 mm cannon. In turn, four MiGs shot down Folmar minutes later; Folmar bailed out and was quickly rescued with little injury. F4U-5N and -5NL Corsair night fighters were used to attack enemy supply lines, including truck convoys and trains, as well as interdicting night attack aircraft such as the Polikarpov Po-2 "Bedcheck Charlies", which were used to harass United Nations forces at night.
The F4Us often operated with the help of C 'flare ships' which dropped hundreds of 1,, candlepower magnesium flares to illuminate the targets. Navy F4U-5Ns were posted to shore bases. More generally, Corsairs performed attacks with cannons, napalm tanks, various iron bombs and unguided rockets. Lieutenant Thomas J. Hudner, Jr. Brown, whose aircraft had been forced down by antiaircraft fire near Changjin. Brown, who did not survive the incident, was the U. Navy's first African American naval aviator. After the war, the French Navy had an urgent requirement for a powerful carrier-born close-air support aircraft to operate from the French Navy's four aircraft carriers that it acquired in the late s Two former U.
Navy and two Royal Navy carriers were transferred. A new and more capable aircraft was needed. F, Flotille 14F pilots arrived at Da Nang on 17 April , but without their aircraft. They dropped some tons of bombs and fired more than rockets and Six aircraft were damaged and two shot down by Viet Minh. The F and The Corsairs were painted with yellow and black recognition stripes for this operation.
They were tasked with destroying Egyptian Navy ships at Alexandria but the presence of U. Navy ships prevented the successful completion of the mission. On 3 November, 16 F4U-7s attacked airfields in the Delta, with one corsair shot down by anti-aircraft fire.
1940s United States fighter aircraft
Two more Corsairs were damaged when landing back on the carriers. The Corsairs engaged in Operation Musketeer dropped a total of 25 tons of bombs, fired more than rockets and 16, 20mm rounds. As soon as they disembarked from the carriers that took part in Operation Musketeer, at the end of , all three Corsair Flotillas, moved to Telergma and Oran airfields in Algeria from where they provided CAS and helicopter escort. France recognized Tunisian independence and sovereignty in but continued to station military forces at Bizerte and planned to extend the airbase.
In , Tunisia asked France to evacuate the base. Tunisia imposed a blockade on the base on 17 July, hoping to force its evacuation. This resulted in a battle between militiamen and the French military which lasted three days. Three Corsairs were damaged by ground fire. F pilots trained for this experimental program were required to "fly" the missile at approximatively two kilometers from the target on low altitude with a joystick using the right hand while keeping track of a flare on its tail, and piloting the aircraft using the left hand;  an exercise that could be very tricky in a single-seat aircraft under combat conditions.
Despite reportedly effective results during the tests, this armament was not used with Corsairs during the ongoing Algerian War. F Flotilla were out of service by September ,  with some surviving for museum display or as civilian warbirds. By the early s, two new modern aircraft carriers, the Clemenceau and the Foch, had entered service with the French Navy and with them a new generation of jet-powered combat aircraft.
Corsairs flew their final combat missions in during the so-called "Football War" between Honduras and El Salvador, in service with both air forces. The conflict was allegedly triggered, though not really caused, by a disagreement over a football soccer match. In the morning he shot down a Cavalier Mustang, killing the pilot. In the afternoon, he shot down two FG-1s; the pilot of the second aircraft may have bailed out, but the third exploded in the air, killing the pilot.
These combats were the last ones among propeller-driven aircraft in the world and also making Soto the only pilot credited with three kills in an American continental war. El Salvador did not shoot down any Honduran aircraft. The Corsair entered service in Although designed as a carrier fighter, initial operation from carrier decks proved to be troublesome. Its low-speed handling was tricky due to the left wing stalling before the right wing.
Vought F4U-1D Corsair
This factor, together with poor visibility over the long nose leading to one of its nicknames, "The Hose Nose" , made landing a Corsair on a carrier a difficult task. For these reasons, most Corsairs initially went to Marine Corps squadrons who operated off land-based runways, with some early Goodyear-built examples designated FG-1A being built with fixed wings.
This performance advantage, combined with the ability to take severe punishment, meant a pilot could place an enemy aircraft in the killing zone of the F4U's six. The 2, rounds carried by the Corsair gave just under 30 seconds of fire from each gun, which, fired in three to six-second bursts, made the F4U a devastating weapon against aircraft, ground targets, and even ships. FAA also developed a curving landing approach to overcome the F4U's deficiencies.
Among Navy and Marine aviators, the aircraft was nicknamed "Ensign Eliminator" and "Bent-Wing Eliminator" because it required many more hours of flight training to master than other Navy carrier-borne aircraft. It was also called simply "U-bird" or "Bent Wing Bird". The Corsair has been named the official aircraft of Connecticut due to its connection with Sikorsky Aircraft. Eventually, more than 12, F4Us would be built, comprising 16 separate variants. An enlarged gal l fuel tank was fitted ahead of the cockpit, in place of the fuselage armament. The cockpit was moved back by 32 in mm.
The fuselage was lengthened by 1 ft 5 in 0. The more powerful R Double Wasp was fitted. IFF transponder equipment was fitted. Curved transparent panels were incorporated into the fuselage behind the pilot's headrest. The flaps were changed from deflector type to NACA slotted. The span of the ailerons was increased while that of the flaps was decreased. One 62 gal l auxiliary fuel cell not a self-sealing type was installed in each wing leading edge, just outboard of the guns. The pilot's seat was raised 7 in mm which, combined with the new canopy and a lengthened tailwheel strut, allowed the pilot better visibility over the long nose.
In addition to these changes the clear view panels under the cockpit were also omitted.
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These Corsairs introduced a 6 in mm -long stall strip just outboard of the gun ports on the right wing leading edge and improved undercarriage oleo struts which eliminated bouncing on landing, making these the first "carrier capable" F4Us. F4U-1s supplied to the USMC lacked arrester hooks and had a pneumatic tail wheel, instead of the smaller diameter solid rubber type used for carrier operations.
After satisfactory results, many F4U-1As were fitted with the new powerplant. The aircraft carried gal l in the main fuel tank, located in front of the cockpit, as well as an unarmored, non-self-sealing 62 gal l fuel tank in each wing. This version of the Corsair was the first to be able to carry a drop tank under the center-section. With drop tanks fitted, the fighter had a maximum ferry range of just over 1, mi 2, km. A land-based version, without the folding wing capability, was built by Goodyear as the FG-1A. In British service, the aircraft type was modified with "clipped" wings 8 in mm was cut off each wingtip for use on British aircraft carriers,  under the designation Corsair Mk II.
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F3A-1 Corsair Mk. Just over were built before Brewster was forced out of business. Poor production techniques and ineffective quality control meant that these aircraft were red-lined for speed and prohibited from aerobatics after several lost their wings. This was later traced to poor quality wing fittings. None of the Brewster-built Corsairs reached front line units. A total of of this variant were built July—November ; all were based on the F4U-1D and were built in parallel with that variant. Aviators preferred the standard armament of six. It had the new -8W water-injection engine.
This change gave the aircraft up to hp kW more power, which, in turn, increased performance. Due to the U. Navy's need for fighter-bombers, it had a payload of rockets double the -1A's, as well as twin-rack plumbing for an additional belly drop tank. These modifications necessitated the need for rocket tabs attached to fully metal-plated underwing surfaces and bomb pylons to be bolted onto the fighter, causing extra drag.