Descriptive Taxonomy: The Foundation of Biodiversity Research

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Craib W. Contributions to the Flora of Siam. Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew — Gagnepain F. In: Lecomte M. Masson et Cie. Available from. Gordon-Gray K. Siphonochilus aethiopicus Zingiberaceae : observations on floral and reproductive biology.

South African Journal of Botany — Horaninow P. Prodromus Monographie Scitaminearum. Academiae Caesareae Scientiarum, Saint Petersburg.

Taxonomic research in South Africa: the state of the discipline

IUCN Second Edition. Kress W. The phylogeny and a new classification of the gingers Zingiberaceae : evidence from molecular data. American Journal of Botany — Larsen K. Studies in the genus Globba in Thailand. Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh — Globba flagellaris sp. Zingiberaceae from Thailand. Nordic Journal of Botany — Gingers of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. Miller A. Floras yesterday, today and tomorrow. In: Watson M.

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The Systematics Association. Special Volume Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

The grand challenge

Parnell J. The biogeography of the Isthmus of Kra region: A review. Nordic Journal of Botany 1— Establishment of botanical gardens and herbaria influenced botanical research, in particular the field of taxonomy. Technological advances lead to increased modernisation of taxonomy as new sources of information derived from other fields of botany were incorporated into taxonomic research. Funding priorities and availability of financial resources influence the taxonomic research that is conducted, and international initiatives that impact on priorities in biodiversity science have further impact on taxonomy.

At present the predominant culture of taxonomy is directed towards electronic dissemination of taxonomic information, leading to increased accessibility and connectivity. Strategic planning of plant taxonomy in South Africa has become more formal as relevance and impact of research products increasingly need to be justified with respect to the financial costs of conducting taxonomic research. Arnold, T. Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa 1 — Axelson, E. The diary of his travels through African waters, — Somerset West, Stephan Phillips, pp.

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Bennett, B. South African Historical Journal 64— Brown, R. The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 15— Bullock, A. Government Printer, Pretoria, pp.

Buys, M. South African Journal of Science — Codd, L. Bothalia — De Lange, J. Plant-derived smoke as a seed germination cue.

South African Journal of Botany — De Winter, B. South African Journal of Science 65— Dyer, R. Botanical Research Institute, Pretoria, pp. Gymnosperms and monocotyledons. Figueiredo, E. Taxon — Germishuizen, G. Strelitzia National Botanical Institute, Pretoria, pp. Eds A checklist of South African plants. Gibbs Russell, G. Giess, J. Glen, H. Godfray, H. J, Boxshall, G. L, Chase, M. Unpublished report to the Natural Environment Research Council. Submitted This vision implies a number of significant details, which are elaborated in more detail in the remainder of this white paper.

Effective realisation of the decadal vision relies on achieving a balance of top-down and bottom-up approaches by making appropriate funding decisions. Top-down approaches include thinking and acting at the European level, encouraging community adoption of standards within the EU part of a worldwide effort in which the EU is a key player , setting direction and goals through targeted funding calls, workshops and meetings. Bottom-up approaches derive from the motivation of individuals, their ideas and enthusiasms and their need to solve specific problems. Both approaches together recognise the role that individuals and groups have to play in the decadal vision by encouraging islands of infrastructure to emerge, grow organically and fuse with one another over time.

Numerous biodiversity informatics projects have been funded in Europe by, amongst others, the Framework Programmes. Globally, there are already more than projects known [ 35 ].

A decadal view of biodiversity informatics: challenges and priorities

Many of these projects directly address the challenges of deploying e-Infrastructure for biodiversity science k. They seem to share similar characteristics, such as scientific field, integration and interoperation of resources, open access, service orientation, e-Infrastructure and e-Science virtual environments. They differ substantially, however, in their architectures and technological approaches. These largely technical differences illustrate a larger problem: the lack of a common understanding about how best to deploy e-Infrastructures for biodiversity and ecosystem research. None of the projects can solve the problem alone nor hope to provide all the functionalities that will be needed in the future.

Working on non-converging agendas, understandable given the imperative to push boundaries for innovation and academic advancement, does not lead to a coherent infrastructure with all necessary capabilities and capacities to support scientific research. There are overlaps, dead-ends and often, complete lack of mainstream industrial involvement. It is for such reasons that community consensus around a decadal vision, combined with effective selection of projects to be funded and their subsequent interactions and management within a coherent programme, is so important.

The decadal vision provides the means by which the complementary aspects of multiple projects can be combined in a common roadmap forward. Achieving this requires an increased awareness from all projects of the architectural approaches and construction steps to be adopted. Multiple projects contributing to that infrastructure need to get aligned because no single project can solve all problems alone.

  • Descriptive Taxonomy : The Foundation of Biodiversity Research?
  • Descriptive Taxonomy: The Foundation of Biodiversity Research.
  • Separate projects need to achieve greater coherence and coordination to maximise the benefit from substantial investments of the past, present and future. Within the Horizon framework it is therefore required to develop an effective and continuing coordination, dissemination, education and training capability providing and re-distributing help, technical guidance and examples of best practice. This capability will inform individuals and groups about the top-down strategies, the priorities and progress made, leading towards greater community understanding of the overall vision.

    They should leverage completed and existing funded projects to gain the maximum benefit for the future biodiversity infrastructure.